CBSE Hindi Bhasha


Hindi bhasha हिंदी भाषा (Language) is a means to express thoughts and ideas to others. It has two forms one is maukhik मौखिक (verbal) and another is likhit लिखित (written). Generally, a written form of any language is known as script.  For instance, Devanagari script is for Hindi language, Gurmukhi script is for Punjabi language, Arabic script is for Urdu language, etc. 

Hindi language is written in devanagari (देवनागरी) script, which is phonetic and written from left to right. Hence, Hindi words are usually pronounced the way they are written. Each Hindi letter transcribes a different sound. Primarily, the language encompasses 11 vowels and 33 consonants. Apart from this, there are several conjunct consonants, which are also added in Hindi language. Based on their phonetic properties, consonants are categorized into different groups. For instance, consonants that are recognized through flapped and tapped sounds, plosives, fricatives and nasals sounds as well as through semi vowels. According to the traditional Hindi, there are 13 vowels and 33 consonants. The letters अं (An) and अः (Ahn) are accepted as vowels in traditional Hindi, but considered consonants in standard Hindi. 

In Hindi language, the letters that have simple vocal sounds are known as Svar (Vowel) and the letters that are pronounced only with a vowel are recognized as Vyanjan (Consonants).
 Vowels (स्वर) 
  अ (A)     आ (Aa)
  इ  (E)   ई  (Ee)
  उ  (U)   ऊ (Oo)
  ए  (Aye)    ऐ (Ae)   
 ओ (O)   औ (Au)
  अं (An)   अः (Aḥ)
  ऋ (Ri)  

Below mentioned are the consonants: 

 Consonants (व्यंजन) 
  क (K)      ख (Kh)     ग (Ga)  
  घ (Gha) 
 ङ (D) 
  च (Cha)  
 छ (Chha)    ज (J)   झ (Jha)   ञ (Ña) 
  ट  (Ṭa)  ठ  (Th)   ड  (Da)   ढ (Ḍha)
  ण (Ṇa)
  त (Ta)  थ  (Tha)   द  (Da)     ध (Dha)   न (Na)
  प (P)
 फ  (Pha)   ब  (Ba)   भ (Bha)   म (M)
  य (Ya)  र (Ra)   ल (La) 
  व (Va)   श (Sha)
  ष (Shh)  स (S)   ह (Ha)   क्ष (Ksh)   त्र (Tra)
  ज्ञ (Jña)        

Hindi language is more expressive as compared to other languages. It is considered as an Indo-Aryan language. The vocabulary of Hindi and Urdu languages is very much similar, but Hindi also has more vocabulary of Sanskrit language. It is spoken in various parts of the country and also accepted as a mother tongue in several areas of northern region of India. With the help of simple words, many poems and songs are written in this language. 

Let us discuss some important factors that make Hindi bhasha more clear and concise for others.
1. Grammar or Vyakaran: It plays a major role in making Hindi language understandable for all. With a correct usage of grammar, an individual can speak and write Hindi flawlessly. 
2. Literature or Sahitya: Hindi literature is categorized into gadya and padya.  The texts that are written in paragraphs are known as gadya and the text, which are written in rhythmic and lyrical forms, are considered as padya.