Sarvanam

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Sarvanam (Pronoun) (सर्वनाम) is usually used to replace Sangya (Noun). Sarvanam are generally short words, which are primarily used to make sentences simple and short. In Devanagri script or Hindi sentences, sarvanam is categorized into six parts.

Types of Pronoun (सर्वनाम) are listed below:

1. Purush Vachak Sarvanam (पुरुष वाचक सर्वनाम) (Personal Pronoun): It is used to replace noun that represents people. Purush vachak sarvanam is divided into three forms including First Person (उत्तम पुरुष), Second Person (मध्यम पुरुष) and Third Person (अन्य पुरुष). (For eg: Mein (मै), Mera (मेरा), Hum (हम), Humara (हमारा) comes under first person (उत्तम पुरुष), Tum (तुम), Tumne (तुमने), Tera (तेरा), Tumhara (तुम्हारा), Aap (आप) comes under second person (मध्यम पुरुष) and Woh (वोह), Uska (उसका) comes under Third Person (अन्य पुरुष) 

2. Nischay Vachak Sarvanam (निश्चय वाचक सर्वनाम) (Demonstrative Pronoun): It is used to indicate a specific thing or things and a person or persons. (For eg: Yeh (यह), Woh (वोह) and Ye (ये)

3. Anischay Vachak Sarvanam (अनिश्चय वाचक सर्वनाम) (Indefinite Pronoun): It refers to general things and people. Anischay vachak sarvanaam generally communicates the ideas of all, anyone, few, many, nobody, some, everybody or none. (For eg: Koi (कोई), Sab log (सब लोग), Kuch (कुछ), Sab Kuch (सब कुछ) or Kuch Bhi (कुछ भी)

4. Sambandh Vachak Sarvanam (सम्बन्ध वाचक सर्वनाम) (Relative Pronoun): It is used to relate words, people and things in a sentence. (For eg: Jo (जो), Jiski (जिसकी) or Jaisa (जैसा)  

5. Prashna Vachak Sarvanam (प्रश्न वाचक सर्वनाम) (Interrogative Pronoun): It is usually used to ask questions about people or things in the sentence. (For eg: Kaun (कौन), Kisko (किसको) or Kya (क्या) 

6. Nijvachak Sarvanam (निजवाचक सर्वनाम) (Reflexive Pronoun): It is used in a sentence to convey ourselves, itself, yourselves, herself, himself or myself. (For eg: Mai Apne Aap Se ker Lunga (मै अपने आप से कर लूंगा)

Sarvanaam

सर्वनाम के रूप (Variations)

1. Sarvanam (सर्वनाम) or pronoun has two vachans including singular (एक-वचन) and plural (बहुवचन).
2. Like noun, sarvanam also has eight cases (कारक).