Hindi vakya ke bhed


Definition of Vakya

In Hindi grammar, the group of words that expresses thoughts or ideas in a clear and concise manner is known as vakya. Based on the composition, vakya is categorized into three parts that includes sadharan vakya, sanyukt vakya and mishrit vakya.

Vakya ke bhed (Types of Sentence in Hindi)

1. Sadharan Vakya (Simple Sentence): A sentence that expresses a thought or an idea with the help a subject and a finite verb is known as sadharan vakya or simple sentence. (For eg: kavi kavita likhta hai).

2. Sanyukt Vakya (Compound Sentence): The sentences that are joined together with the help of conjuction (ya, per, aur, kintu, etc.) are known as sanyukt vakya. (For eg: Nirav bus ka intezar kar raha tha par bus bahut der se phaunchi)

Sanyukt vakya is further categorized into four parts:

i) Sanyojak: The sentence that joined either with a simple sentence or a complex sentence through conjunction is known as Sanyojak.
ii) Vibhajak: A simple sentence or complex sentence that opposes each other is known as Vibhajak.
iii) Vikalpsuchk: When two sentences are conflicting and one should be accepted is known as Vikalpsuchk
iv) Parinaambodhak: When a simple sentence represents the result of another simple sentence or complex sentence is known as Parinaambodhak.

3. Mishrit Vakya (Complex Sentence): A sentence, which is formed with the help of many simple sentences, is known as mishrit vakaya. In other words, a sentence that contains an independent clause and one or more dependent calluses that are joined through conjunction is considered mishrit vakya or complex sentence. (For eg: Ravi aur Sunil bhaut dino ke baad Vijay ke ghar gaye parntu vah nahi mila)

Mishrit vakya is divided into three parts:

i) Sangya Upvakya
ii) Visheshan Upvakya
iii) Kriya-Visheshan Upvakya