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Sandhi

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Sandhi (संधि) means ‘joining’ or ‘combination’. In other words, it is the combination of two sounds that are close to each other. When two sounds join together and form a different word is called as sandhi. For instance, Dev (देव) + Indra (इंद्र) = Devendra (देवेन्द्र) and Su (सु) + Aagth (आगत) = Swagat (स्वागत), etc. 

Sandhi Ke Bhed (Types of Sandhi) 

1. Swar Sandhi (स्वर संधि)
2. Vyanjan Sandhi (व्यंजन संधि)
3. Visarg Sandhi (विसर्ग संधि)

1. Swar Sandhi (स्वर संधि) : When a change occurs due to the combination of two vowel sounds is known as swar sandhi. For example, Vidya (विद्या) + Alya (आल्या) = Vidhyalaya (विद्यालय), Ravi (रवि) + Indra (इंद्र) = Ravindra (रविन्द्र)

Swar Sandhi is further divided into 5 parts:

i. Dirgh Swar Sandhi  (दीर्घ स्वर संधि)
ii. Gunn Swar Sandhi (गुण स्वर संधि)
iii. Yana Swar Sandhi (यण स्वर संधि)
iv. Vrudhi Swar Sandhi (वृद्धि स्वर संधि)
v. Ayadi Swar Sandhi (अयादि स्वर संधि)

2. Vyanjan Sandhi (व्यंजन संधि) : When a change occurs due to the joining of a consonant with another consonant or a vowel is known as vyanjan sandhi. For example, Anu (अनु) + Ched (छेद) = Anuchhed (अनुच्छेद), Prati (प्रति) + Chavi (छवि) = Praticchavi (प्रतिछवि). 

3. Visarg Sandhi (विसर्ग संधि):  When a change occurs due to the joining of a vowel or a consonant is known as visarg sandhi. For example: Mann (मंन + Rath (रथ) = Manorath 
(मनोरथ), Du: (दुर) + Gam (गम) = Durgam (दुर्गम).