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Sangya

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Sangya (Noun) (संज्ञा): In Devanagari script or Hindi sentences, Sangya (Noun) plays a vital role as it makes sentences meaningful. Sangya is defined as the name of any person, place, animal or abstract ideas. In Hindi grammar, sangya is categorized into five parts. 


Sangyaa

Types of Sangya (संज्ञा) (Nouns) are mentioned below: 

1. Vyakti Vachak Sangya - व्यक्ति वाचक संज्ञा (Proper Noun): It represents a person, place or thing. (For eg: राम (Ram), Delhi (दिल्ली) and Qutab Minar (क़ुतुब मीनार)

2. Jaati Vachak - जातिवाचक संज्ञा (Common Noun): It refers to common name of a place, thing or person. (For eg: Sadak (सड़क), Pustak (पुस्तक), Computer (कंप्यूटर) and Ladki (लड़की)

3. Bhav Vachak Sangya - भाव वाचक संज्ञा (Abstract Noun): It refers to an individual qualities, feelings and ideas. (For eg: Satyawadi (सत्यवादी), Khushi (ख़ुशी) and Deshbhakti (देशभक्ति)  

4. Samudaay Vachak Sangya - समुदाय वाचक संज्ञा (Collective Noun): It refers to collection of persons and things. (For eg: Shrota (श्रोता), Khiladi (खिलाडी) and Samuh (समूह) 

5. Dravya Vachak Sangya - द्रव्य वाचक संज्ञा (Material Noun): It refers to constituents of a material. (For eg: Dhaga (धागा), Sona (सोना) and Loha (लोहा)

Sangya Vikar  - संज्ञा विकार  (Declension of Nouns)

1. Gender (लिंग) : It is divided into two types one is Masculine (पुल्लिंग) and another is Feminine (स्त्रीलिंग).
2. Number (वचन) : In Hindi Grammar, vachan is sectioned into two different parts one Singular number (एक-वचन) and another is Plural number (बहुवचन).
3. Case (कारक) : Kaarak are eight types that are mentioned below in the tabular form

Karta (करता) Ne (ने)
Karam (कर्म)  
 Ko (को)
Karan (करण) Se, Ke Dwara (से, के द्वारा)
Sampradaan (सम्प्रदान)  Ko, Ke Liye (को, के लिए)
Aapadaan (अपादान) 
 Se (Alag Karna) (से, अलग करना)
Samband (सम्बंद)  
 Ka, Ki, Ke (का, की, के)
Adhikaran  (अधिकरण)  Mai, Per (में, पर)
Sambodhan (सम्बोधन) 
 Hai, Arrey (है, अरे)