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Shabad Vichar

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Definition of Shabd

Shabd is commonly known as ‘Word’ in English. It is formed with the combination of more than one letter. In Hindi literature, vakya (sentence) is considered the smallest category of Hindi language and shabd is considered the smallest unit of a vakya.

Shabd is a group of letters that is categorized into two parts

1. Sarthak Shabd: These are meaningful words (for eg: Ghumna, Padna, Kalam, etc.)
2. Nirarthak Shabd: These words have no specific meaning (for eg: Cham-cham, Dham-dham, etc.)

Shabd ke bhed (Types of Words)

1.  Rudh: The word that has no meaning after dividing into parts is known as rudh. (for eg: Mala, Pustak)
2.  Yaugik: The words which are formed with the help of two and more than two words are known as yaugik shabd. (for eg: Vidyalaya, Varmala, etc.)
3.  Yogrudh: The word that is divided into two words and has special meaning is known as yogrudh. (for eg: Parmathma, Pankaj, etc.)

Based on its origin, shabd in Hindi language is classified into four parts
 
1. Tatsm: The words that are derived from Sanskrit languge are known as tatsam. (For eg: Surya, Agni, Ratri, Balak and Vayu, etc.)
2. Tatbhav: The words that have changed their originality after included in Hindi language are known as tatbhav. (For eg: Ratri - Raath , Agni – Aag, etc.)
3. Deshaj: The words that formed on the basis of sound or any other things that are known as deshaj. (For eg: Gaadi, Thaila, etc.)
4. Videshi Shabd: Many words are taken from foreign language, which are extensively used in Hindi language. (For eg: School, Telephone, Police, etc.)

According to research studies, several Arabic, Persian and English words are widely used in Hindi language. The concept of shabd vichar in Hindi grammar is clearly explained in aforesaid contents.